The joint study revealed that it’s the eye pressure that compounds the inflammation by activating a protein that works against microbial infections. Research co-author Dr. Zhang Kang says that the anti-microbial protein also kills cells in the retina. The only treatment seen to inhibit the eye’s production of these substances at present is a drug that’s already undergoing tests for cancer and stroke patients.
“A screening through your eye doctor will help identify the type of glaucoma you’re afflicted with. The most common version, open-angle glaucoma, slowly manifests as losing vision due to clogs in the drainage canals for aqueous humor, a liquid that continuously lubricates the eye, and gradually pushing against the optic nerve. Narrow-angle glaucoma is lethal in the sense that parts of the eye protrude and block the canals themselves, which may potentially lead to accelerated blindness. Treatment of glaucoma often falls on surgery or permanent medication via drops or ointment. Terrie states that medication offers a good advantage as there are drugs that help reduce aqueous humor production or induce greater fluid movement. However, the assistance of loved ones is important; some doctors claim that patients under medication stop treatment within a year.”
Glaucoma is an eye disease caused by excess pressure in the eye due to poor circulation of eye fluids. If left untreated, the pressure could damage the optic nerve and cause permanent blindness; in fact, it is the second most common reason for blindness in the world.
Most of the risk factors for glaucoma, such as age and race, are out of your control. However, there are a few things you can do to minimize your risk:
Make smarter decisions when eating. Cutting down on trans fats helps lower high blood pressure. This means reducing the amount of fried foods and processed foods in your diet.
Increase the amount of fish, particularly ones rich in omega-3 fatty acids like salmon— in your diet. Blueberries and cranberries are rich in bioflavonoids, which strengthen the capillaries in the eyes, allowing more essential nutrients to reach it.
Regular exercise has been proven to be effective in lowering your intraocular pressure (IOP). You do not need to work out in the gym like a bodybuilder to achieve this effect though. Moderate exercise like jogging three times a week is enough to lower your IOP.
Take note that you can still develop glaucoma despite following the tips above, especially if you have a family history of the disease. With that in mind, it is best that you see an ophthalmologist for a thorough eye exam every year once you reach the age of 40.
Glaucoma has been tagged as one of the leading triggers of blindness in the United States. Some experts even advocate the use of marijuana to combat this condition. It is also a long-term danger that leads to permanent vision loss if not detected and treated at the early stages. It is important to know that there are several types of glaucoma that your eye practitioner is capable of addressing.
The most common type of glaucoma is the primary-open-angle glaucoma (POAG). In POAG, the eye has increased pressure exerted on it because blockages of aqueous fluid appear at some point in the eye’s drainage canal. Angle closure glaucoma occurs when the fluid canals are narrow or have fully sealed up. Nausea, blurred vision, and headaches are common symptoms for this type of glaucoma.
You can be diagnosed with normal-tension glaucoma (NTG) if tests show damage to the optic nerve even when the pressure on the canals are relatively low. Risk factors for NTG include hereditary conditions and even Japanese ancestry. Glaucoma can be also be secondary effects of other ailments such as diabetes and cataracts.
Glaucoma is often labelled as the “thief of vision” because you lose it over a long period of time. It is not the end, as early diagnosis and prevention will stop further damage.